IVF comes from the word In Vitro Fertilization, which ‘In Vitro’ comes from Latin, meaning in the glass, or some people may be familiar with the test tube baby. The treatment of IVF is different from the IUI in which the female patient must use injections that stimulate the ovaries to produce many eggs, takes time about 8 - 15 days. Therefore, the amount of eggs obtained from most IVF treatments will have more eggs than IUI.
In addition, fertilization is combined between scientific processes and natural mechanisms. The scientists will bring eggs from the egg collection process placed on the plate and release the sperm into the plate. Sperm will swim to egg itself, after that the result will be the embryo. The embryo will be cultured for about 2-6 days and be transferred into the uterus later on.
Who is IVF suitable for?
- Women who have fallopian tube blocked or cut for both tubes
- Men who has sperm problem, especially low volume and low movement (motility)
- The couple who had been trying for natural conceive for 3 years but not success, with unexplained infertility
- The couple who had been done IUI but not success
Is IVF successful?
Chances of success vary, particularly the age of the patient that related to quality of gamete cell. Average of IVF success rate is about 40% - 50% per cycle.